8 如何从物联经济中获利?

未来十年内将发生大规模物联网转型,各行各业的企业必须做好准备应对转型带来的影响。以下问题帮助各行业高管确定接下来的行动步骤:

您计划如何利用物联网的物联化能力和实时洞察力管理产品?

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您的物联网设备如何通过更好的资产利用率、风险管理和效率而产生新的价值?

您的企业如何抢在其他行业参与者之前分析物联网数据,提取洞察并采取行动,从物理资产中获益?

您如何定义自己在新物联经济时代出现的新市场中的角色?

作者

Veena Pureswaran,IBM商业价值研究院全球电子行业领导人。她曾经在电子产品开发、战略和管理业务中担任领导职务。目前,她负责带领电子行业的思想领袖研究。她曾经管理IBV在全球的3D打印和物联网技术战略与经济影响调研,并且在亚洲、欧洲和北美洲的大型行业会议上展示了IBV的调研结果。Veena的联系方式是:vpures@us.ibm.com

Robin Lougee博士,IBM研究院的消费品与农业领域的全球调研行业领导人。她在2014年因率先采用开源技术开展运营研究而荣获INFORMS Impact奖,并且从1994年起利用计算数学和数据科学为IBM及其客户提供创新。Robin的联系方式是:rlougee@us.ibm.com

执行发起人

Bruce Anderson,IBM全球电子行业总经理和IBM工业研究院成员。他负责IBM全球电子行业业务,包括消费电子、医疗设备、半导体和办公、工业级网络设备领域。Bruce对电子行业有深入的了解,并且为高级主管提供了全面的咨询业务,帮助他们优化业务模式、组织和运营。在帮助企业通过创新战略和转型获得竞争优势方面,他拥有25年丰富经验。 Bruce曾经作为IBM全球企业咨询服务部合伙人和副总裁领导工业部门供应链事务。Bruce的联系方式是:banders@us.ibm.com

相关文献

Pureswaran,Veena. “设备民主:拯救物联网的未来.” IBM Institute for Business Value. September 2014. www.ibm.biz/devicedemocracy

Pureswaran,Veena,Sanjay Panikkar and Nair,Sumabala.“增强边缘设备:对分散型物联网的实用洞察.”IBM Institute for Business Value. March 2015. www.ibm.biz/empoweringedge

致谢

作者感谢以下人员的贡献:牛津经济研究院在本次调研中的协作,并感谢IBM公司前副总裁兼IBM移动与物联网事务部北美地区领导人Paul Brody。同时感谢多个行业中的IBM SME的评论和反馈,以及IBM商业价值研究院的Angela Finley和Joni McDonald在本执行报告编制过程中提供的帮助。

参考资料

1 Kreis, Steven. "The printing press." http://historyguide.org/intellect/press.html

2 "Sabre: The first online reservation system." http://www-03.ibm.com/ibm/ history/ibm100/us/en/icons/sabre/. Accessed on March 01, 2015

3 Our history, Sabre: http://www.sabre.com/index.php/about/our-history. Accessed on March 01,2015

4 Airline deregulation: The concise encyclopedia of economics. http://www.econlib. org/library/Enc/AirlineDeregulation.html. Accessed on March 01,2015

5 Bureau of Transportation Statistics, IBM Institute for Business Value analysis

6 International Air Transport Association, IBM Institute for Business Value analysis

7 Phillips, Don. "AMR to spin off its stake in Sabre." Washington Post. http:// www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/WPcap/1999-12/15/073r-121599-idx.html. Accessed on March 01, 2015

8 Brody, Paul and Veena Pureswaran. "Device democracy: Saving the future of the Internet of Things." IBM Institute for Business Value. September 2014. www.ibm.biz/devicedemocracy

9 Miller, N. (2014) . "Workplace Trends in Office Space: Implications for Future Office Demand." http://www.normmiller.net/wp-content/uploads/2014/04/ Estimating_Office_Space_Requirements-Feb-17-2014.pdf

10 ibid.

11 Miller, N (2014) and Miller, N (2012) . “Estimating Office Space per Worker." https://www.ccimef.org/pdf/2012-6.Estimating-Office-Space-per-Worker.5-1-12.pdf

12 ibid.

13 IMF, IFS data via Haver. Oxford Economics analysis.

14 Berg, G. and M. Fuchs. "Bank Financing of SMES in Five Sub-Saharan African Countries: The role of competition, innovation and the government." The World Bank, 2013.

15 "Literature Review on Small and Medium Enterprises' Access to Credit andSupport in South Africa" National Credit Regulator 2011. Relating to FinScope Small Business Survey, South Africa 2010. Oxford Economics and IBM Institute for Business Value analysis.

16 Jorgenson, Dale W., Harvard University, Mun Ho, Harvard University and Jon Samuels, Bureau of Economic Analysis. "Long term estimates of U.S. productivity and growth." http://www.worldklems.net/conferences/ worldklems2014/worldklems2014_Ho.pdf

17 ibid.

18 USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service, http://www.nass.usda.gov/ Charts_and_Maps/Field_Crops/cornyld.asp; IBM Institute for Business Value analysis.

19 IBM Institute for Business Value analysis. http://www.gps.gov/applications/ agriculture/

20 Fuglie, Keith and Sun Lin Wang (2012) New Evidence Points to Robust But Uneven Productivity Growth in Global Agriculture. http://www.ers.usda.gov/amber-waves/2012-september/global-agriculture.aspx#.VXOpPGMkHp8

21 Fuglie, Wang and Ball (2012) . http://www.ers.usda.gov/amber-waves/2012-september/global—agriculture.aspx#.VRsJMCm70Hw. Data from the FAO of the United Nations.

22 United States Department of Agriculture. Economic Research Service. http://www.ers.usda.gov/data-products/intemational—agricultural-productivity.aspx; Oxford Economics analysis.

23 FAO food price index. http://www.fao.org/worldfoodsituation/foodpricesindex/en/;Oxford Economics analysis.

24 FAO corporate document repository. Feeding the world: The search for food security. http://www.fao.org/docrep/U8480E/U8480E0a.htm

25 Lawson, Dominic, Robert Peston and Grant Ringshaw. "Warren Buffett: My elephant gun is loaded." The Telegraph. September 2, 2002. http://www. telegraph.co.uk/finance/personalfinance/investing/shares/2774088/Warren-Buffett-My-elephant-gun-is-loaded.html