6 您是否为数字化做好准备?

实施数字化制造和运营对财务具有重要影响,因为新技术增强了自动化、控制力,从而也提高了质量。在您的企业准备开展数字化革新时,请考虑以下问题:

根据当前的全球经济框架,您的企业如何重新思考并重新设计采购和制造业务,以及整个价值链网络?在做出这些重要决策或持续寻求低成本劳动力解决方案时,您是否会考虑总体交付成本?

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您如何利用大数据和先进的分析能力对运营颠覆和客户需求的变化做出即时应对?

您的企业在多大程度上采用特定的数字化运营战略,其中包括新时代技术的部署,例如物联网和机器人?

您的企业为何不愿意实施最新技术,尤其是能够提高运营效率、改进客户体验并推动创新的技术?如何消除障碍?

您的企业如何重新配置并留住全球人才资源(企业内部和整个合作伙伴网络),以支持数字化制造和运营?

作者

Karen Butner,IBM商业价值研究院业务战略与分析数字化运营领导者。 Karen经常应邀在国际会议中发表主题演讲,其作品在领先的业务和行业期刊中被广泛引用。凭借在战略制定和转型方面30余年的经验,她致力于帮助客户制定和改进议事日程,通过转变客户的全球绩效而创造巨大的价值。Karen的联系方式是:kbutner@us.ibm.com。

Dave Lubowe,IBM全球企业咨询服务部业务分析与战略事务部的副总裁和合伙人,还是数字化运营咨询业务的北美地区领导人。Dave拥有30余年的行业和咨询经验,他的主要业务领域是运营管理和大规模转型。他的咨询工作集中在设计、实施、管理和持续改进业务流程。他的联系方式是:dave.lubowe@us.ibm.com。

合作者

Jena Collier,全球企业咨询服务部运营战略高级顾问。

Christina Alexander,全球企业咨询服务部业务分析与战略事务部学位项目顾问。

参考资料

1 Shih, Willy C. "What It Takes to Reshore Manufacturing Successfully." MIT Sloan Management Review. August 7, 2014. http://sloanreview.mit.edu/article/what-it-takes-to-reshore-manufacturing-successfully/

2 IBM Institute for Business Value analysis.

3 "Unit Labor Costs in Selected Countries." Manufacturing Institute website, Accessed April 16, 2015. http://www.themanufacturinginstitute.org/Research/Facts-About-Manufacturing/Costs/Unit-Labor-Costs/Unit-Labor-Costs. aspx; "China Wages Seen Jumping in 2014 Amid Shift to Services."Bloomberg Businesss. Jaunary 6, 2014. http://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2014-01-06/china-wages-seen-jumping-in-2014-amid-shift-to-services-

4 a)"Gartner Says the Internet of Things Installed Base Will Grow to 26 Billion Units By 2020."Gartner press release. December 12, 2013. http://www.gartner.com/newsroom/id/2636073; b)2014 IBM Innovation Survey. IBM Institute for Business Value in collaboration with the Economist Intelligence Unit; c)"Industrial Robot Statistics: World Robotics 2014 Industrial Robots."International Federation of Robotics. http://www.ifr.org/industrial-robots/statistics/(Acccessed April 1, 2015);d)Peterson, Steve, Mark Bedeman and Daria Godunova."Shifting transport paradigms: Understanding the implications of 3D printing on the global transportation industry."IBM Global Business Services. September 2014. http://www-01.ibm.com/common/ssi/cgi-bin/ssialias?subtype=XB&infotype=PM&appname=GBSE_GB_TI_USEN&htmlfid=GBE03623USEN&attachment=GBE03623USEN.PDF#loaded

5 Colombus, Louis."Big Data Analytics, Mobile Technologies and Robotics Defining the Future of Digital Factories."Forbes. February 15, 2015. http://www.forbes.com/sites/louiscolumbus/2015/02/15/big-data-analytics-mobile-technologies-and-robotics-defining-the-future-of-digital-factories

6 Chambliss, Kelly. "How To Move From Systems That Record To Ones That Engage."Forbes. November 6, 2014. http://www.forbes.com/sites/ibm/2014/11/06/how-to-move-from-systems-that-record-to-ones-that-engage/

7 Robinson, Adam. "What is the Hyperconnected Era &‘The Internet Of Things’and What does it Have to Do with Manufacturing & Logistics?"Cerasis. February 25, 2015.http://cerasis.com/2015/02/25/internet-of-things/?utm_source=linkedin&utm medium=social&utm content=Oktopost-linkedin-group&utm_campaign=Oktopost-Cerasis+%232

8 Brody, Paul, Pureswaran, Veena. "Device democracy: Saving the future of the Internet of Things."IBM Institute for Business Value. September 2014. http://www-935.ibm.com/services/us/gbs/thoughtleadership/internetofthings

9 "Industrial Robot Statistics: World Robotics 2014 Industrial Robots."International Federation of Robotics. http://www.ifr.org/industrial-robots/statistics/(Acccessed April 1, 2015).

10 Brody, Paul, and Veena Pureswaran. "The new software-defined supply chain: Preparing for the disruptive transformation of Electronics design and manufacturing."IBM Institute for Business Value. July 2013.

11 Nosbuchand, Kenneth D., and John A Bernaden. "The Multiplier Effect: There are more manufacturing-related jobs than you think."Manufacturing Executive Leadership Journal. March 2012. http://www.google.com/l?sa=t&rct=j&q=&es-rc=s&source=web&cd=l&ved=0CB8QFjAA&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww. rockwellautomation.com%2Fresources%2Fdownloads%2Frockwellautoma-tion%2Fpdf%2Fabout-us%2Fcompany-overview%2FMultiplier_Effect pd-f&ei=bhscVdH4J4uZgwS2t4GQDA&usg=AFQjCNH9nVHQfqlzlnFvXke-OW_ZVBrmrWQ&bvm=bv.89744112, d.eXY&cad=rja

12 Ibid.

13 Sanz, Francisco Caballero. "European manufacturing ‘a powerful en-gine for growth. ’" The Parliament Magazine. September 28, 2014. https://www.theparliamentmagazine.eu/articles/opinion european-manufactur-ing-%E2%80%98powerful-engine-growth%E2%80%99

14 IBM Institute for Business Value Higher Education Survey 2015.