and women:

as child
in college
desire to marry for money
older women; congressional wives; (“Grandma”)Kleberg; Quill's mother
in political campaigns
as teacher
see also Davis, Carol; Glass, Alice; Harbin, Estelle; Leonard, Kitty Clyde Ross

Johnson, Luci Baines (LBJ's daughter)

Johnson, Lynda Bird (LBJ's daughter)

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Johnson, Margaret (LBJ's cousin)

Johnson, Rebekah (LBJ's sister):

on LBJ
on Johnson City
as researcher at Library of Congress
takes LBJ's teaching job in Houston

Johnson, Rebekah Baines (LBJ's mother):

college education

literary and cultural interests

as volunteer teacher
marriage (1907)
neighbors' opinions of
newspaper work
in poverty
relationships, to:
(Lady Bird) Johnson
LBJ: his care; as child; during college n.; correspondent; his education
Johnson clan
rural women
and rural life; housework; loneliness

Johnson, Sam Ealy, Jr. (LBJ's father):

associates and friends
Bunton strain in
character and personality:
as dreamer, idealist, romantic
helping others
honesty and integrity
practical joking
as reveler
unpragmatic, impractical
conversational style
death and funeral (Oct. 1937)
education of
as farmer
financial losses/ruin
as game warden
and German-Americans
as legislator:
marriage (1907)
physical appearance
clothes, hat, boots
political ideas and positions
influence on LBJ
Populist principles
role of govemment
popularity of
real estate business
relationships, to:
(Mabel) Chapman
his children
(Lady Bird) Johnson
LBJ, see LBJ: and father
(Sam Houston) Johnson
reputation as drinker
as road foreman
speech (1937) for LBJ's congressional candidacy
as teacher

Johnson, Sam Houston (LBJ's brother):

LBJ gets him job at Federal Land Bank
recollections, of:

Johnson, Sam Houston (cont'd .)

LBJ: and campus politics; childhood; and father's watch; on sexual prowess
as secretary to Kleberg

Johnson, Samuel Ealy (LBJ's grandfather):

on Buda farm
on cattle business with Tom
economie ruin of
as intellectual
and LBJ's birth
land deals
moves into Hill Country
old age of
on Pedemales farm
politics of, as idealistic
as Populist candidate for Legislature(1892)
religious ideas of

Johnson, Tom (LBJ's great-uncle)

in cattle business with Sam
economie ruin of
death (1877)
gift to Sam and Eliza
land deals

Johnson, Tom (LBJ's uncle)

farming on Pedernales with Sam
and LBJ
on Sam Ealy, Jr., as businessman
and Sam Ealy, Jr.'s children

Johnson, Wayne

Johnson City, Tex.:

growing up in
LBJ and:
his desire to escape from
his implied identification with founding family
visits: (1932); (1937)
lack of activities
recollections of
religion and morality of
turns on Sam Johnson
see also Hill Country of Texas; rural life

Johnson family strain:

and Bunton strain
interest in ideas, abstractions

Johnston, Alva

Jones, Jesse

Jones, Luther E. (“L. E.”):

as asst. congressional secretary
with high school debate team
and LBJ
and appeal of 1948 senatorial election
on LBJ:
congressional campaign (1937)
as congressional secretary
as Maverick campaigner
at NYA
senatorial campaign (1941)
on (Roy) Miller

Jones, Marvin

Kaiser, Henry

Keach, Carroll

on LBJ, in congressional campaign (1937)
as LBJ's chauffeur:
in congressional campaign (1937)
at NYA
in senatorial campaign (1941)

Keale, Kate Bunton (LBJ's aunt)

Kearns, Doris

Kellam, Jesse

and LBJ
with NYA
as acting director
LBJ proposes, as permanent director

Kelley, Augustine B.

Kelly, Ed

Kelly, George B.

Kendall, George Wilkins

Kennedy, Mylton (“Babe”), i53

Kennedy, Vann

Key, V. O., Jr.

Kilday, Paul and Owen

Kinard, DeWitt

King Ranch, Texas

Kintner, Robert (and Alsop, J.), on FDR:

and Garner
and LBJ's senatorial race (1941)

Kittrell, William (Bill)

on LBJ:
“on no barricades,”
as “wonder kid,”
and LBJ's 1941 campaign financing

Kleberg, Alice Gertrudis King

Kleberg, Richard Mifflin:

and AAA
challenged for re-election (1932)
and Corpus Christi Naval Air Station
elected to Congress
hires LBJ as secretary
and LBJ:
as his congressional secretary, see LBJ:
as congressional secretary
as Congressman
mail of
and patronage power
proposed as ambassador to Mexico

Knight, Col. W. T

Knispel, Barney

Koeniger, Fritz

Krause, Arthur K.

Krock, Arthur

Ku Klux Klan

Kyle, Henry

labor unions:

(Herman) Brown on
Gamer and
LBJ and
and political campaign of 1940

La Guardia, Fiorello

Lamar, Mirabeau Buonaparte

Lambert, Jessie

Land Bank, see Federal Land Bank

Landis, James M.

Lanham, Fritz

Lary, Camm

Lash, Joseph P.

Latimer, Gene:

with high school debate team
and LBJ
congressional campaign (1937)
as congressional secretary
as Congressman
fïnancial dependence
on LBJ as congressional secretary
on (Roy) Miller

Lavery, James F.

Lawson, William J.

Leavy, Charles H.

Lechner, W. W.

Lee, Evelyn

Lee, Ray E.

appointment as Austin postmaster(1939)
in LBJ's congressional campaign (1937)

LeHand, Missy

Leinsdorf, Erich, leisure and amusements in rural life

Leonard, Kitty Clyde Ross

Lesinski, John

Leuchtenberg, William E.

Lewis, John L.

Lewis, Ruth


of Allred
(A. L.) Davis and
of LBJ
in Congress
and FDR
in Texas; see also Roosevelt, F. D.: LBJ's political allegiance to
of Maverick
of Rayburn
see also Populism and Populists

Linden, W. C.

Lindig, Mrs. Christian

Lindley, Betty and Ernest K.

Little Congress

LBJ as Speaker of
LBJ loses power over (1935)


LBJ considers career as
and Public Utilities Act (1935)
and Texas Legislature
and senatorial election (1941) results
Wirtz as
see also Kittrell, William (Bill); Miller, Roy

Long, Huey:

Every Man a King
LBJ invites to address Little Congress

Longlea estate, Virginia

Looney, Everett L.

Louis, Alex

Low, Sam D. W.

Lower Colorado River Authority (LCRA)

fees paid to Wirtz
and Hamilton Dam [later: Buchanan Dam]
and Marshall Ford Dam
RFC bonds for
Lucas, Wingate, on LBJ:
and fellow Congressmen
in Little Congress, passim
his senatorial campaign (1941)
and Texas congressional delegation

Lund, Wendell

machine, political, see organization/machine, political

MacMillan, E. J.

Macune, Charles W.

Maddox, Cecil

Magnolia Petroleum Company (“the Magnolia”)

contributions to LBJ's congressional campaign (1937)
Wirtz as lobbyist for

Magnuson, Warren:

congressional campaign (1940)
on Naval Affairs Committee with LBJ

Mahon, George H.

Manchester, William

Mann, Gerald C.:

physical appearance
and Rayburn
and FDR
in senatorial campaign (1941) vs . LBJ
financial aspects

Mansfield, Joseph Jefferson

Marsh, Charles E.:

career and character
and congressional campaign funds(1940)
and (Alice) Glass
and LBJ
political campaigns: congressional(1937); senatorial (1941) n.
on LBJ and New Deal
as oilman
and FDR
see also Austin American-Statesman

Marshall, Sarah Tinsley: and LBJ

Marshall Ford Dam

appropriations for:
authorization (congressional) for
Brown & Root's profits on
“high dam” (enlargement)
LBJ and:
his compromise with H. Brown on
and his congressional campaign (1937)
his efforts on behalf of, passim
FDR and
Wirtz and

Martin, Clarence

Martin, David

Martin, Tom

Maverick, Maury

Browns' financial assistance to, 586 and n .
as champion of liberal causes
congressional seat:
campaign for (1934)
loses (1938)
and Garner
and LBJ
in 1934 campaign
as Mayor of San Antonio n .
and FDR
and San Antonio “City Machine,”

May, Andrew J.

May, George M.

McCormack, John

LBJ's thank-you letter to (Nov. 1940)

McCraw, William (Bill)

McFarlane, W. D.

Mclntyre, Marvin

and LBJ
and Rayburn

McKay, Seth

McKnight, Felix R.

McLaughlin, Charles F.

McNary-Haugen Bill

Melasky, Harris n .

Mexican-Americans, LBJ and:

in Cotulla (1928-29)
in Maverick campaign (1934)
vote-buying in Texas (1941)

Miller, Dale

Miller, William “Fishbait”:

on LBJ and Rayburn
and Rayburn

Miller, Roy

and Corpus Christi Naval Air Station
financial dealings threatened with exposure (1940)
and LBJ
political campaigns: congressional(1937); senatorial (1941)

Miller, Tom:

in congressional campaign (1937) vs .LBJ
in LBJ's senatorial campaign (1941)
and presidential campaign (1940)
and P WA grants to Austin

Mills, Randolph T.

Mitchell, Arthur

Moley, Raymond S.:

on Gamer
and securities-regulation legislation

money and politics:

for campaigns, political:
for advertising
amounts spent for: LBJ's 1937
campaign; LBJ's 1941
campaign; Texas statewide campaign

(Herman) Brown's financial support for LBJ, 592 and n.

from businessmen

congressional (1940)

Corcoran and

danger of centralized distribution

Election Day expenses

Garner's (1940, presidential)

Hopkins' (1941, senatorial)

Ickes and

IRS investigation of

LBJ's (1937, congressional)

LBJ's (1941, senatorial) n.; disguising of sources; investigated by 1RS; sources of

from labor unions

from oil interests; for congressional campaigns(1940); Humble Oil Co.; for LBJ's campaigns; Magnolia Oil Co.; Richardson; (C.)Roeser

power derived from dispensing of funds

for radio time

FDR's (1940, presidential), 592 and n.

Rowe on


construction contracts, federal
labor unions and
Texas legislators' salaries
utilities and

money in rural areas

Monteith, Edgar

Montgomery, “Professor Bob,” n .

Moody, Dan

moral and religious attitudes, rural

on drink
on thrift

Moreell, Vice Adm. Ben

Morgan, Ernest

recollections of LBJ:
in congressional campaign (1937)
at NYA

Morgenthau, Henry, Jr.:

and 1RS investigation of 1941 campaign funds
on ofl depletion allowance

mortgages of farms

foreclosures on
refinancing of
LBJ's plan for I4th District farmers

Moses, Robert

Munsey Building, Washington, D.C.

Murchison, Clint W.

Murphy, Francis T.

Muscle Shoals Dam, Alabama

Myers, I. W.

Nalle, Ewell

National Farmers Alliance and Industrial Union, see Farmers Alliance

National Youth Administration (NYA)

background and establishment of
LBJ proposes bill, to merge with CGC(1941)
in Texas:
administrative challenges
Freshman College Centers
LBJ as director (1935-37)

National Youth Administration

(NYA) (cont'd .)
political usefulness of, to LBJ
Resident Training Centers
staffing of
student-aid program
success of
work projects of

Neff, Pat M.:

Battle for Peace (speeches)
and Blue Sky Law
LBJ speech for (July 1930)

Negroes (blacks):

(Herman) Brown on
LBJ and n., 407 and n .

Netterville, Mrs. V. S.

Neutrality Act: Congress refuses to alter(1939)

New Deal

acts (federal):
Corrupt Practices
Emergency Relief Appropriation (1933)
Fletcher-Rayburn (Securities Act, 1933)
Fletcher-Rayburn (Securities Exchange Act, 1934)
Hatch (1939)
Public Utilities Holding Company(1935)
Selective Service
agencies and programs:
Agricultural Adjustment Administration (AAA)
Bureau of Reclamation
Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC)
Commodity Credit Corporation
Farm Credit Administration
Federal Housing Administration (FHA)
Federal Land Bank
Federal Power Commission
Federal Trade Commission
Homeowners Loan Corporation (HOLC)
Lower Colorado River Authority (LCRA) 382
National Youth Administration (NYA)
Public Works Administration (PWA)
Range Conservation Program
Reconstruction Finance Corporation (RFC)
Rural Electrification Administration (REA)
Securities Exchange Commission (SEC)
Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA)
Works Progress Administration (WPA)
see also bureaucracy, federal
(Herman) Brown on
and businessmen
court-packing plan
and farmers
Garner on
Garner-FDR feud over
LBJ avoids public position on
insiders of, top echelon
LBJ and:
attitude changes, from support to opposition
in congressional campaign (1937)
as congressional secretary
as Congressman
gets grants from programs; takes credit for
in senatorial campaign (1941)
and Wirtz
see also patronage jobs; and specifie New Deal programs
“lieutenants” of
Rayburn and
youth programs
see also specifie New Deal programs


delivered daily to Sam Ealy Johnson, Jr.
LBJ and, as congressional secretary
political campaign advertising in
in rural Texas, 681 and rural isolation
see also LBJ: and press and publicity; and specifie newspapers

New York Herald Tribune: on control of Congress (1940)

New York Times:

on Congress staying in session (1940)
on Garner
on Rayburn

Nichols, Tom W.

98th meridian

Nolle, Alfred H.

Norris, George W.:

and congressional elections (1940)
and rural electrification

NYA, see National Youth Administration

O'Connor, James F.

O'Daniel, Wilbert Lee:

as Governor of Texas
gubernatorial campaign (1938)
pension plan issue
physical appearance
in senatorial race (1941) vs. LBJ
and “Beer, Inc.,”
LBJ's tactics against
vote-buying and changing

O'Donnell, Lucille

oil depletion allowance

oil inter ests in Texas:

and Blue Sky Bill
Brown, Herman
and East Texas pool
Frost, Jack
Humble Oil & Refining Co.
independents (wildcatters) and “new money,”
and Rayburn
and LBJ, 617 and n .
Lechner, W. W.
Magnolia Petroleum Co.
majors and “old money,”
and Rayburn
Marsh, Charles E.
Murchison, Clint W.
phony oil stocks
political campaign contributions
to congressional campaigns (1940)
to LBJ's congressional campaign (1937)
to LBJ's senatorial campaign (1941)
Richardson, Sid, passim
Roeser, Charles F.
Standard Oil Co.
Underwood, Arch
Wirtz as lobbyist for

Olmsted, Frederick Law

Oltorf, Frank C.:

on (Alice) Glass
on LBJ:
and (Herman) Brown
and Rayburn

O’Neal, Emmet

organization/machine, political:


in congressional campaign (1937)
“network” created in Texas
NYA as
planting men loyal to him
in senatorial campaign (1941)

San Antonio's “City Machine”:

LBJ's allegiance with (1941)
and Maverick
in South Texas

Ortiz, Juan

Oursler, Fulton

outhouses and plumbing

Overacker, Louise

Parr, George, passim

Parrish, Michael E.: Securities Regulation and the New Deal

Parsons, Claude V.

Patillo, Effie

Patman, Wright

fails to enter 1941 senatorial race
LBJ and:
as impediment to LBJ's ambition
on New Deal
on LBJ
and father

on (Sam Ealy) Johnson, Jr.

his conversational style
and Rayburn
as spokesman for national causes
and Texas Legislature

patronage jobs

credited to LBJ
LBJ secures for friends
Rayburn and
in redistricted areas

Patton, Nat (“Cousin Nat”)

Payne, William Howard: on LBJ and Little Congress

Pearl Harbor, attack on (Dec. 1941)

Pearsall, Tex.: LBJ as teacher in (1930)

Pearson, Drew:

and (R. S.) Allen:
on Democratie Congressional Campaign Committee
on Garner
on LBJ: as Democrats' hero of 1940; as FDR's protege
interview with Rayburn (1954)
on 1RS investigation of 1941 campaign funds

Pedagog (San Marcos yearbook):

selection of editor (May 1930)

Pedernales Electric Co-operative (PEC):

installs electrical lines in Hill Country (1938-39)
effect on FDR
and REA loan, passim

People's Party (“Populists”)

and Hill Country support for FDR
and (Sam Ealy) Johnson, Jr.'s politics
see also Farmers Alliance; Progressives

Pepper, Claude

Perry, Arthur

Petrie, Kenneth M.

Petsch, Alfred P. C.

Philosophical Society of Texas

Pickle, J. J. (Jake)

Poage, Robert

political machine, see organization/machine, political

political parties, see Democratie Party; People's Party; Populism and Populists; Progressives; Republican Party

political philosophy:

of Garner
of Hopkins
of LBJ
of Kleberg
of Miller
of Texas campaign contributors
Texas Regulars
of Allred
(A.L.) Davis and
of LBJ
of Maverick
of Rayburn
see also political parties


and money, see money and politics
and organizations, see beer and liquor inter ests in Texas; LBJ: political

aptitude and interest: transforming organization into political force; labor unions; lobbyists; oil interests in Texas; utilities, public

poils, public-opinion:

in LBJ's congressional campaign (1937)
in LBJ's senatorial campaign (1941)
in presidential campaign (1940)

Populism and Populists:

antecedents of
“farm bloc” and New Deal legislation
(Sam Ealy) Johnson, Jr., and
People's Party
and Rayburn, in Texas
and Hill Country support for FDR
tax bills proposed by (1933)
see also Bailey, Joseph Weldon;
Farmers Alliance; Progressives


of Hill Country settlers
LBJ's and Herman Brown's, as common ground
of Johnson family, shortage of food
and New Deal
political impact of

pragmatism and practicality:

in Bunton strain
of LBJ
of rural life

predictions about LBJ's future, see LBJ: predictions of failure; LBJ: predictions of success

President of the United States:

LBJ and:
ambition to be
predictions he will be: by (Chuck)Henderson; by LBJ, I71; by FDR
tells Cotulla class that anyone can be
landslide elections of, and overconfidence n .

press and publicity:

LBJ and:
in congressional campaign (1937); after victory
on congressional re-election (1938)
as Congressman
on Garner and patronage power
for Little Congress
on FDR-Garner battle
in senatorial campaign (1941)
poils, see poils, public-opinion
Rayburn and
see also newspapers; radio

Price, Lucy Johnson (LBJ's aunt)

“professional son,” LBJ as

with Evans
with Marsh
with Rayburn
with FDR
with Wirtz

Progressives: and farm legislation


see also drinking, rural attitudes toward

Public Utilities Holding Company Act (1935)

Public Works Administration (PWA):

creation of (1933)
LBJ gets grants from
and Marshall Ford Dam

public works programs, see Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC); National Youth Administration (NYA); Works Progress Administration (WPA)

Puis, Edward

Quill, Dan:

appointed San Antonio postmaster
and LBJ
in senatorial campaign (1941)

on LBJ, in congressional campaign (1937)

on vote-buying in San Antonio
Quill, Eloise
Quin, C. K.


and political campaigns:
1937, LBJ's congressional
1940: congressional; presidential
1941, LBJ's senatorial
and rural isolation


and cattle business
and farmers

Rayburn and, regulation of, transients on, Rainey, Henry, ranchers, see cattle-raising; farmers,

ranchers; farming, ranching, in Hill Country

Rancho Rambouillet, Randolph, Jennings, Range Conservation program: and Hill Country of Texas, Rankin, John E., rape by Indians, and n.

Rather, Mary, Rayburn, Metze Jones, Rayburn, Sam Taliaferro, character and personality:

ambition, “expert on human beings,”, integrity;

financial, loyalty as friend, political aptitude, rigidity, taciturnity, temper, in Congress:

his “Board of Education,”

as chairman of Interstate Commerce Committee

as champion of national issues

early years (1912-40), first elected (1912), lack of interest in federal contrats

longevity of tenure, as Majority Leader, and Marshall Ford Dam, and REA Act (1936), and Selective Service Act extension (1941)

as Speaker: power of; selection as (Sept. 1940); threatened by potential Democratie losses(1940)

early life of

elections and political campaigns:

congressional (1940)
presidential (1939-40); telegrams concerning Garner

expertise in procedure

final illness

and LBJ